Workplan

WP1

Focuses on a comprehensive analysis of the Returns and Readmission (RR) policy at the EU and national levels. The objectives include examining the policy’s rationale, challenges, and evidence, encompassing formal and informal documents. This work package sheds light on the policy’s development, bilateral agreements, negotiations, and the data supporting its implementation. It involves literature reviews, policy document analysis, interviews with policymakers, and reporting on the RR policy’s evolution and rationale.

Lead by LINKOPINGS UNIVERSITET

WP4

Adopts an ethnographic approach to assess the implementation of Returns and Readmission (R&R) policies from the perspective of state agents involved, such as police, detention centre staff, and immigration agents. The work includes conducting focus groups and in-depth interviews with these agents to understand their experiences, challenges, and perceptions of the impact of R&R policies. Country-level and cross-national analysis will provide insights into approach variations among participating countries.

Lead by UNIVERSITE LIBRE DE BRUXELLES

WP7

Focuses on examining alternative practices to the Returns and Readmissions (R&R) policy in Europe and beyond. This work package aims to identify, analyse, and understand these alternative policies’ development, rationale, objectives, supporting evidence, and implementation. It assesses the potential for transferability and effectiveness, drawing on selected case studies from participating Member States, the UK, and global examples. The research will identify the best elements in these alternative practices, providing evidence-based data for proposed sets of policies as alternatives to R&R.

Lead by MIROVNI INSTITUT

WP2

Aims to study alternative legal statuses, policies, and regularisation approaches within selected EU Member States for individuals in irregular situations who cannot be expelled. The research evaluates how these practices align with EU directives and international commitments, particularly regarding socio-economic human rights, liberty and security. Furthermore, this work package identifies and compiles “promising practices” that safeguard the rights of non-expellable third-country nationals, including initiatives by local authorities and civil society actors in various EU Member States.

Lead by CENTRE FOR EUROPEAN POLICY STUDIES

WP5

Explores the consequences of Returns and Readmissions (RR) policies on the living conditions of migrants in irregular situations within the EU and the UK. The work includes participant observation, in-depth interviews, and focus groups with migrants at risk of return and those who have applied for return. It also involves examining alternative practices at the national level that could serve as alternatives to RR policies, engaging with civil society actors and frontline service providers, and establishing participant cohorts for participatory sessions and Innovation Labs. The research aims to shed light on the experiences, challenges, and rights of individuals at risk of return and explore durable solutions led by them.

Lead by UNIVERSITA CA’ FOSCARI VENEZIA

WP8

Is dedicated to ensuring the visibility and dissemination of project results to various target groups, including policymakers, practitioners, researchers, civil society organisations, and migrants living in situations of irregularity. This work package aims to engage stakeholders, discuss the feasibility and transferability of promising practices identified in the project, and organise policy outreach events. It includes establishing task forces, policy seminars, webinars, cluster meetings, and policy roundtables to foster active engagement with relevant actors and promote the project’s impact.

Lead by CENTRE FOR EUROPEAN POLICY STUDIES

wP3

Focuses on understanding public preferences for Returns and Readmission (RR) policies in EU countries. It encompasses scoping existing evidence on EU public opinion, collecting data from major public opinion surveys in all EU countries, and analysing it to measure public support for various RR policy dimensions. The aim is to identify the drivers behind these preferences, including factors such as media consumption, partisanship, social values, and political trust.

Lead by University of Oxford’s Centre on Migration, Policy and Society

WP6

Focuses on understanding the impact of Returns and Readmissions (R&R) policies on returnees, their families, and communities in countries of origin or return. The research employs ethnographic methods, including participatory sessions, interviews, and arts-based techniques, with a particular focus on adolescents and youth, disaggregated by gender. This work package explores the experiences and challenges returnees face throughout the R&R process, assesses its impact on families and communities, and investigates the interplay between stakeholders, returnees, and the R&R system. The research is conducted in six locations, determined based on previous work packages, and aims to identify durable solutions guided by the experiences of young returnees and their families.

Lead by RED BARNET

WP1

Focuses on a comprehensive analysis of the Returns and Readmission (RR) policy at the EU and national levels. The objectives include examining the policy’s rationale, challenges, and evidence, encompassing formal and informal documents. This work package sheds light on the policy’s development, bilateral agreements, negotiations, and the data supporting its implementation. It involves literature reviews, policy document analysis, interviews with policymakers, and reporting on the RR policy’s evolution and rationale.

Lead by LINKOPINGS UNIVERSITET

WP2

Aims to study alternative legal statuses, policies, and regularisation approaches within selected EU Member States for individuals in irregular situations who cannot be expelled. The research evaluates how these practices align with EU directives and international commitments, particularly regarding socio-economic human rights, liberty and security. Furthermore, this work package identifies and compiles “promising practices” that safeguard the rights of non-expellable third-country nationals, including initiatives by local authorities and civil society actors in various EU Member States.

Lead by CENTRE FOR EUROPEAN POLICY STUDIES

wP3

Focuses on understanding public preferences for Returns and Readmission (RR) policies in EU countries. It encompasses scoping existing evidence on EU public opinion, collecting data from major public opinion surveys in all EU countries, and analysing it to measure public support for various RR policy dimensions. The aim is to identify the drivers behind these preferences, including factors such as media consumption, partisanship, social values, and political trust.

Lead by University of Oxford’s Centre on Migration, Policy and Society

WP4

Adopts an ethnographic approach to assess the implementation of Returns and Readmission (R&R) policies from the perspective of state agents involved, such as police, detention centre staff, and immigration agents. The work includes conducting focus groups and in-depth interviews with these agents to understand their experiences, challenges, and perceptions of the impact of R&R policies. Country-level and cross-national analysis will provide insights into approach variations among participating countries.

Lead by UNIVERSITE LIBRE DE BRUXELLES

WP5

Explores the consequences of Returns and Readmissions (RR) policies on the living conditions of migrants in irregular situations within the EU and the UK. The work includes participant observation, in-depth interviews, and focus groups with migrants at risk of return and those who have applied for return. It also involves examining alternative practices at the national level that could serve as alternatives to RR policies, engaging with civil society actors and frontline service providers, and establishing participant cohorts for participatory sessions and Innovation Labs. The research aims to shed light on the experiences, challenges, and rights of individuals at risk of return and explore durable solutions led by them.

Lead by UNIVERSITA CA’ FOSCARI VENEZIA

WP6

Focuses on understanding the impact of Returns and Readmissions (R&R) policies on returnees, their families, and communities in countries of origin or return. The research employs ethnographic methods, including participatory sessions, interviews, and arts-based techniques, with a particular focus on adolescents and youth, disaggregated by gender. This work package explores the experiences and challenges returnees face throughout the R&R process, assesses its impact on families and communities, and investigates the interplay between stakeholders, returnees, and the R&R system. The research is conducted in six locations, determined based on previous work packages, and aims to identify durable solutions guided by the experiences of young returnees and their families.

Lead by RED BARNET

WP7

Focuses on examining alternative practices to the Returns and Readmissions (R&R) policy in Europe and beyond. This work package aims to identify, analyse, and understand these alternative policies’ development, rationale, objectives, supporting evidence, and implementation. It assesses the potential for transferability and effectiveness, drawing on selected case studies from participating Member States, the UK, and global examples. The research will identify the best elements in these alternative practices, providing evidence-based data for proposed sets of policies as alternatives to R&R.

Lead by MIROVNI INSTITUT

WP8

Is dedicated to ensuring the visibility and dissemination of project results to various target groups, including policymakers, practitioners, researchers, civil society organisations, and migrants living in situations of irregularity. This work package aims to engage stakeholders, discuss the feasibility and transferability of promising practices identified in the project, and organise policy outreach events. It includes establishing task forces, policy seminars, webinars, cluster meetings, and policy roundtables to foster active engagement with relevant actors and promote the project’s impact.

Lead by CENTRE FOR EUROPEAN POLICY STUDIES

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